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As with many other dog breeds, the origins of the Great Dane are quite blurred. However, on some ancient frescoes we find dogs that had a similar appearance. His distant ancestors would be the dogs named Alans who came to Europe in the 4th century with the Alans, a people of warriors of Iranian origin. Others evoke a filiation with the Tibetan Mastiff. So war dogs, they became over the Middle Ages dogs used for hunting with hounds, especially wild boar, as well as guard dogs. We find besides dogs resembling him on engravings of the time

What is proven is that the immediate ancestors of the present Great Dane come from a cross between the old Bullenbeisser and dogs of the Greyhound family.

The denomination "Dogue" originally designated a powerful dog, without a determined breed. It was only later that the names of Great Dane, Great Dane, Great Dane, Hartzrüde (large male for hunting with hounds), Saupacker (dog wallow) and Great Dane appeared to designate different types of dogs in function the color of their dress and their size.

In 1878 in Berlin, a committee of 7 competent breeders and judges, under the chairmanship of Doctor Bodinus, took the decision to group all these varieties of dogs under the name of Great Dane. This is how the first stone was laid for the breeding of a new German dog breed. It was popularized in particular by Chancellor Bismark, who had two that accompanied him everywhere.
In 1880, on the occasion of an exhibition in Berlin, a first standard for the Great Dane was drawn up. As early as 1888, the breed was entrusted to the Deutscher Doggen Club 1888 e.V which, subsequently, changed the standard several times. It was recognized by the FCI in 1961.
Although of German origin, this dog was particularly popular in Denmark at the beginning of the 20th century, which gave it its other name: the Great Dane. It is still its usual name in the United States and Canada, where it is called Great Dane. On the other hand, in France, the name of Great Dane has been used since 1920, which is 3 years before the creation of the French Doggen Club.

The Second World War dealt a heavy blow to the Great Danes in their native country: they were almost decimated. However, at the time, they were already widespread in other countries, and in particular in Great Britain and in the United States: this is what allowed the race to survive.

character

Naturally affectionate, the Great Dane is attached to his family, and especially to children, with whom he has a great bond and towards whom he shows certain patience. However, it is reserved for foreigners. He is a good goalkeeper with a balanced character.
It is an appropriate breed for those who are looking for a fearless, confident, but also docile, receptive, a non-aggressive dog with a high response threshold. On the other hand, as he does not tolerate loneliness, the long days alone waiting for his masters are to be avoided: he needs company and affection. It is not, however, a pot of glue: it is calm and does not impose itself.

In addition, contrary to what its size might suggest, he can live without problems in an apartment if he is out every day and the size of the accommodation allows cohabitation with such a large dog. Indeed, he only has a moderate need for exercise and therefore does not necessarily need a garden to frolic. In addition, its size limits it in its physical capacities: intense efforts are to be avoided.
Finally, it is a dog that drools a lot. It is better to protect your sofa, and avoid precious carpets.

education

The education of the Great Dane must be firm but gentle, and without any violence. Although he has a stubborn little side, if he has close contact with his master, he will quickly learn what is expected of him, because he is generally a receptive dog.
Furthermore, early socialization will allow peaceful coexistence with other animals.
In any case, it is necessary to take good care of the education of this dog from an early age, since its weight and size in adulthood will make its control difficult. This education is absolutely necessary for her safety and well-being. In particular, it must be taught from an early age not to pull on a leash, for example.

health

As with most large dog breeds, the life expectancy of a Great Dane is relatively short: around 8 years. In addition, he may have poor health.
One point of particular attention is its growth. Indeed, during its first 3 years, its birth size is multiplied by 100, with a growth peak between 6 and 15 months. It is, therefore, necessary to limit physical exercise and provide it with a very high-quality diet. The help of a professional is advised to establish the food plan during this stage.

In addition, he may be a victim of stomach twists. In order to prevent them, it is advisable to limit the exercise after the meal and to divide the food intake. In addition, the large size of this dog predisposes him to cardiomyopathy, tumors, and arthropathies.
It also has a propensity for calluses, especially for elbows. To avoid this problem, it is necessary to choose a suitable and specially padded dog basket.
In addition, this breed poses a risk of dog congenital blindness.
The Great Dane also has a predisposition for certain skin diseases like solar dermatitis, particularly for Harlequin dogs.
Finally, it is sensitive to cold: it is, therefore,
preferable to make it sleep indoors, especially in winter.
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