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Aggression in dogs

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 Aggression in dogs is an unfortunately common problem. Aggression is one of the main reasons dog owners seek help from a dog trainer. And it's not just large dogs and so-called dangerous breeds that are prone to aggression. Any dog is capable one day of producing aggressive behavior.

A dog should never come to behave aggressively. Here is how to better understand it and avoid this type of behavior.

Why do dogs behave aggressively?

Aggressive behavior in a dog refers to any behavior related to an attack or impending attack. It involves baring teeth, pinching, orbiting.

Your first step in stopping this behavior is to determine the cause of your dog's aggression. For example, some dogs growl when someone approaches them while eating or chewing a bone. Others react aggressively toward children or strangers.

It is important to keep in mind that you cannot work out a work plan to change your dog's behavior until you know why he is reacting in this way. The most common types of aggression in dogs include:

_So-called territorial aggression: the dog defends his space or your home from what he considers to be an intruder (human, dog, or other animals).

_Protective aggression: the dog protects his group against another animal or person.

_Possessive aggression: the dog protects food, chew toys, bones, or any other valuables. This is sometimes called protecting resources.

_Aggression out of fear: The dog is afraid and tries to retreat into a frightening situation, but attacks if he is stuck and cannot move away.

_Defensive Aggression: Similar to fear aggression, the dog attacks in defense of something rather than trying to retreat first. These dogs have generally given other, more subtle indications that they wish to be left alone before biting, such as turning their heads away.

_Social aggression: the dog reacts aggressively to other dogs. Dogs that are not properly socialized with other dogs and people can be aggressive.

_Redirected aggression: The dog can become aggressive towards its handler if it prevents it from going towards a dog or if it separates it from a fight. It can also happen when the dog cannot reach the target of its hostility, such as a neighbor dog on the other side of a fence. He will then attack the first living being next to him (human, dog, cat).

_Aggression caused by pain: the dog is aggressive when injured, ill, or in pain.

_Hormone-related aggression: Two male dogs or two female dogs become aggressive when competing for the attention of a partner.

_Predatory aggression: The dog behaves aggressively when hunting animals. This predatory instinct can be generalized to humans, bikes, or any other element in action.

There are many other situations where the dog can show aggressive behavior. It is therefore always necessary to analyze the precedents, the frequency of its attacks, the type of aggression, and the circumstances.

How to stop an assault?

Analyze the situation. When does your dog get aggressive? What are the circumstances surrounding this behavior? Indeed, it is essential to address the underlying cause of the assault. The behavior is only a symptom of an underlying problem. There are several ways you can deal with hostility and help your dog stay calm. It will take time, consistency, and possibly professional help.

As a general rule, so that the dog does not attack, we will work on:

-distract the dog

-make these situations positive

-bring about a change of perception in the dog so that his emotion becomes positive

-bring about a change of emotion in the master so that he can better understand the situation

-educate the dog in everyday life by working in his comfort zone, so that he can react appropriately when he feels threatened

provide the owner with the necessary knowledge so that he remains tolerant and benevolent towards his dog and does not deteriorate his relationship.

Make an appointment with your veterinarian

Dogs who are not normally aggressive, but suddenly develop aggressive behaviors may have a medical problem. Thyroid problems, injuries, and neurological problems such as encephalitis, epilepsy, and brain tumors are health problems that can lead to aggression. It is therefore essential to seek advice from a veterinarian for a check-up. In the event of a health problem, treatment can then improve the behavior of his dog.

Call on a professional dog trainer

If your vet has ruled out a medical problem, it's time to call in a professional canine behaviorist educator. Because assault is a serious problem, which requires analysis and behavior modification. You should not try to fix it yourself as this will make the situation worse.

Avoid punishing your dog

Punishing bad behavior is a human reflex. However, if you react to a dog growling or biting you, hitting it, yelling, or using some other coercive method, the dog will feel an even more intense need to defend itself.

Punishment can also lead your dog to bite someone else. This is often the case when you punish your dog for growling a child. Knowing that he will be punished, he will no longer warn you and will simply go for the bite.

It is not pleasant to come to punish your dog. It is better than to take into consideration its nature and work with a caring professional, to help you in the behavioral modification of your dog.

Aggression in dogs is often scary. It can however be resolved if everything is in place to help the dog to have confidence in his master and in his environment. Aggression is often misunderstood and very quickly punishes excessively. Then she is the very proof that the dog feels bad at the moment of the aggression. Do not minimize the aggression and work upstream so that it does not happen again.

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