Diarrhea in dogs



Diarrhea in dogs


What is diarrhea in dogs?

Diarrhea in dogs is an increased frequency of stool emission associated with loose to watery feces. This diarrhea can have several digestive origins, we differentiate diarrhea that comes from the small intestine from those that come from the colon (or colitis). Diarrhea dehydrates the dog (the stools are wetter than usual or even close to water). Diarrhea in the puppy puts him in danger really quickly because he has few reserves. Diarrhea in dogs that lasts for a long time can create irritation in the anus and induce some blood in the dog's stool, just like hemorrhagic gastroenteritis.

What Are the Causes of Diarrhea in Dogs?

Diarrhea in dogs can be linked to specific illnesses or simple bacterial or viral infections.

Bacterial overgrowths can be caused by diseases such as an insufficiency of the exocrine pancreas (inducing a defect in the digestion of fats) or a disorder of digestive motility with an arrest of transit or when the dog eats something inappropriate creating a digestive reaction.

Viral digestive infections such as parvoviruses or coronaviruses cause intense diarrhea in the puppy

Chronic inflammatory bowel disease (also known as IBD) creates digestive symptoms with frequent diarrhea and vomiting in dogs. This disease is an equivalent of Crohn's disease in humans. The digestive tract is inflamed almost all the time.

Food allergies and intolerance will trigger diarrhea whenever the dog's digestive tract comes into contact with the food containing the allergen. Very often dogs are allergic to proteins (chicken, beef, wheat ...) found in their usual diet. It can be fed hypoallergenic food to deal with the problem.

Digestive parasites such as worms or giardiasis can induce diarrhea which is often intermittent. The diagnosis is made by a stool or blood test in the laboratory. Sometimes you will be asked to have a bowel movement per day for three consecutive days.

A partial intestinal obstruction as in the presence of a foreign body or a digestive intussusception (the intestinal loops enter into each other).

Metabolic disease such as liver or kidney disease.

Digestive lymphoma (cancerous tumor)

Certain drugs.

Dog diarrhea, what exams?

Take your dog to your veterinarian who will assess your dog's state of health and the origin of his gastroenteritis. Following his clinical examination and a collection of the history of the dog's diarrhea, he will be able to determine whether the problem has a digestive origin or not. Sometimes the dog has a stomach ache when touched, it may become hard or be distended. By palpating, your veterinarian may feel some foreign objects and the possible thickening of the loops in the intestine.

In most cases, diarrhea in dogs does not give rise to any specific diagnostic research. Diarrhea linked to a small digestive disorder recovers fairly quickly with simple symptomatic treatment.

He may perform additional examinations such as an X-ray of the abdomen or an abdominal ultrasound. Sometimes an X-ray with contrast products can highlight a problem in the digestive transit.

He may also perform blood tests to check if there are any disorders present in the organs and to look for antibodies against viruses or parasites.

My dog ​​has diarrhea, what treatments?

First, you have to put your dog on a diet for 12 to 24 hours (remove the food, you must leave the water). If diarrhea does not affect his general condition and it has not lasted for more than 24-48 hours, you can try to give him a hyperdigestible diet (kibbles and boxes at the vet or very cooked rice with white meat) after the diet associated with a digestive dressing such as smectite.

If the diarrhea is not improving, is very watery, is affecting your dog's shape, or if you have a young puppy, take him to your vet without hesitation. He will give her antispasmodics and antibiotics if necessary. He is also the only one who can tell you if a specific disease is responsible for diarrhea and if the dog requires hospitalization.

In the case of severe or hemorrhagic gastroenteritis, hospitalization may be necessary for rehydration by infusion or even by special liquids to be swallowed. Depending on the cause of the illness, he may be hospitalized for a week if necessary. Puppy diarrhea is always more worrying because puppies are less resistant and get dehydrated faster. Consider checking your dog's vaccination.